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A Poison Tree Theme Essay Rubric

"Apple Tree" by Rinaldo R. is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

I was angry with my friend; 

I told my wrath,[1] my wrath did end.

I was angry with my foe:

I told it not, my wrath did grow.Q1

And I waterd it in fears,

Night & morning with my tears: 

And I sunned it with smiles,

And with soft deceitful wiles.[2]

And it grew both day and night. 

Till it bore[3] an apple bright.Q2

And my foe beheld it shine,

And he knew that it was mine. 

And into my garden stole, 

When the night had veild the pole; 

In the morning glad I see; 

My foe outstretched beneath the tree.Q3

“A Poison Tree” by William Blake (1794) is in the public domain.

  1. Wrath(noun): extreme or violent anger

A Poison Tree Theme of Lies and Deceit

"A Poison Tree" is all about lies and deception. The speaker suns his anger with "soft deceitful wiles," and this anger eventually produces an apple that is deceptively bright and shiny (deceptively because the apple turns out to be poisonous, not made of wax). The speaker isn't the only guilty party, however. In the last stanza, the "foe" "steals" into the garden, presumably in order to steal the apple whose bright, shiny peel must be irresistible. Anger isn't just anger all by itself, then. The poem suggests that its good buddies lies and deceit also accompany it.

Questions About Lies and Deceit

  1. Whom do you see as the victim in this poem? Do you sympathize more with the speaker (who is deceitful) or the speaker's "foe" (who steals the apple)?
  2. How are anger and deceit related to each other in this poem?
  3. How does the speaker deceive himself in the poem? 
  4. Does the speaker attempt to deceive the reader at any point in the poem? If so, when?

Chew on This

Try on an opinion or two, start a debate, or play the devil’s advocate.

"A Poison Tree" implies that negative emotions somehow generate each other. In other words, anger leads to lies, deceit, revenge, and, even in some instances, death. It's a vicious cycle (and not a Harley-Davidson).

Although the enemy essentially breaks into the speaker's garden, we still think that he is the victim. The speaker's deceit and anger seem much worse than just stealing an apple. One point for the dead guy.

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