Writing a bibliography
A bibliography is a list of all the sources that you used to make your eportfolio. This includes all books, magazines, newspapers, websites, interviews and TV programmes.
There is a standard way of laying them out that you MUST follow. This is:
- Author - put the last name first.
- Title - this should be underlined and in quotation marks.
- Publisher - in a book this is usually located on one of the first few pages.
- Date - the date/year the book/article was published.
Put each source on a single line, with a comma between each and a full stop at the end. You should arrange them in alphabetical order of the author's surname. You should also make sure that the list is double-spaced.
Use the example below as a guide:
Books Fleming, Ian, 'Diamonds are Forever', Penguin Books, 1957.
Jon Spencer, Architect, interviewed on 3/3/2005.
Website http://www.bbc.co.uk/dida, 'Dangers of the Internet', June 2005.
- It is best to keep your bibliography up to date as you go through each project.
- Keep a word processor file called Bibliography open whenever you are working on your project. Add to it whenever you do some research.
- Remember to list authors and sources in alphabetical order.
- Remember it is fine to use secondary sources to gather information for your project, but you cannot just reproduce them. It would be plagiarism [plagiarism: copy a piece of work and passing it off as your own ] and could infringe copyright [copyright: gives the creator of an original piece of work control over its publication, distribution and adaptation ].
- You don't need to have several pages of references, just put in the things you used. Don't add things just for the sake of it.
- You will probably need between 10 and 20 references for most projects.
- Don't put search engines down in your bibliography. It is the information that you found that is the important thing to include.
Now try a Test Bite
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Coursework ReferencesIncluding references to books and websites can score you research marks. If you look things up, you must say what it is and where it came from. If not, your coursework could be withdrawn.
Quoting Research Sources
It is an expectation that any sources you have used – such as information or images from textbooks, websites, etc. – are clearly indicated in your coursework.
You can write this directly into your report, for example:
... which is perfectly fine. However, there are a number of standard ways of stating where you found out information from (the technical term is "citing". Saying where you got it from is called a "citation"). One of the most popular of these is the Modern Language Association (MLA) Style.
The MLA Style involves giving a brief credit inside brackets at the point in your report where you have used the information. Further details of the source are then given in a Bibliography at the end of your report.
e.g. When citing from a reputable website, you should include the full internet address of the page used.
In your report:
In your Bibliography:
e.g. If citing from a printed source, it is expected that you will include a page reference, as well as the title of the book and the author.
In your report:
In your Bibliography:
The MLA Style gives the following information, exactly as shown:
Another simple technique is to use numbered footnotes that get listed separately at the bottom of the page in which the reference is made. This is easy to do in programs like MS Word and is sometimes more useful than a bibliography on the back page, as markers don't need to search for the reference.
Of course, it doesn't matter one bit how you do it - just don't forget to make some sort of reference! After all, you will have to sign to say it's all your own work. Sometimes it can be obvious you've used someone else's work and this bad form could put your work in jeopardy.